A trip to Gibraltar is a wonderful opportunity to change the atmosphere and be in another country. This small peninsula, just off the Costa del Sol, has been part of Britain since 1704.
It is also worth a visit because of its long and dramatic history. In ancient times, the Rock of Gibraltar was considered to be one of the famous Pillars of Hercules, beyond which, according to Antiquity, was the end of the world. Subsequently, because of its prime strategic location between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, between Europe and Africa, Gibraltar suffered many sieges and wars.
Today Gibraltar is a small town of around 30,000 people, combining perfectly British architecture and a Mediterranean feel. Yet Gibraltar is known for its cultural and religious diversity. As well as two cathedrals open to the public, there are mosques, synagogues and even a Hindu temple.
To get into Gibraltar you must cross the airport runway, which runs directly along the only road that leads into the city centre. The main street, Main Street, is a pedestrian zone dotted with cafes, restaurants, shops and pubs. Here you can sit under the palm trees and soak up the southern sun with a glass of English beer or try the famous Fish & Chips.
This is the name of the Upper Rock where Gibraltar's most interesting sights are concentrated. The panoramic vantage points on the Rock offer great views of the city, Spain, Africa and the Straits of Gibraltar. It is also home to the local icon, the famous macaque. Gibraltar is the only place in Europe where over 200 monkeys still live in the wild.
Also on the cliff is Gibraltar's most visited site, the St. Michael's Caves with their amazing stalactite vaults. Here small light and music performances take place at short intervals throughout the day.