The historic centre of Cordoba, situated around the Mosque of Sobor, is one of the most colourful old quarters in Spain. It was already included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1984. Cordoba's old town is a "theme park" of Spanish history with old buildings, dozens of small museums, tiny churches, monuments, old craft shops, cozy patios and picturesque taverns.
The city's oldest architectural landmark is the famous Roman Bridge. Built over 2,000 years ago, this astonishing structure is 331 metres long.
The Alcázar of the Christian Kings is the second most visited monument in Cordoba after the Mosque. This ancient fortress was once the residence of sultans and Spanish monarchs, a court of the Inquisition and the city jail. The Alcázar has also been the setting for historic events such as the audience of Christopher Columbus and the Catholic Kings. Today the Alcázar is mainly known for its beautiful gardens and the beautiful views over the city from its ancient fortress walls.
The heart of Cordoba's historic centre is the ancient Jewish quarter of Huderia. This maze of narrow, twisting alleyways can make you feel as if time has stood still, with its appearance unchanged for centuries. In Khuderia, one of only three surviving medieval synagogues is preserved.
Just down the road is the equally interesting Chapel of San Bartolomé, a small Catholic church built by Moorish craftsmen. It isn't by chance that Cordoba is dubbed the City of 3 Religions. Throughout Córdoba, you can find tiny museums dedicated to the history of the Muslim, Jewish and Christian communities that have long cohabited peacefully in the city.
The streets around the mosque are no less colourful. There's the Calle de las Flores, famous for its geranium pots in front of the Cathedral's bell tower, the narrowest alley of the city, the Callejón de Pañuelo, and the ancient 10th century Arab baths converted into an Arab teahouse.